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De psychologie van pseudocommando's

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Geplaatst op 04 april 2010 - 00:16

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Personen als Hans Van Themse of Seung-Hui Cho, de Virginia Tech moordenaar (zie foto) worden ook wel pseudocommando's genoemd. Dit zijn massamoordenaars die hun handelingen gepland hebben na lang beraad.
In een recente review wordt beschreven wat er omgaat in het hoofd van zulke pseudocommando's. De volledige tekst kan je hier lezen.
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Voor ge´nteresseerden is het zeker de moeite om te lezen. Er wordt anderzijds nogal veel gebruik gemaakt van psychoanalytische terminologie, waardoor het moeilijk te begrijpen is als je hier onvoldoende vertrouwd mee bent.

Een korte samenvatting:

The term pseudocommando was used by Dietz in 1986 to describe a type of mass murderer who plans his actions "after long deliberation". The pseudocommando often kills indiscriminately in public during the daytime, but may also kill family members and a "pseudo-community" he believes has mistreated him. He comes prepared with a powerful arsenal of weapons and has no escape planned. He appears to be driven by strong feelings of anger and resentment, in addition to having a paranoid character. Such persons are "collectors of injustice" who nurture their wounded narcissism and retreat into a fantasy life of violence and revenge. Mullen described the results of his detailed personal evaluations of five pseudocommando mass murderers who were caught before they could kill themselves or be killed. He noted that the massacres were often well planned (i.e., the offender did not "snap"), with the offenders arriving at the crime scene heavily armed, often in camouflage or warrior gear, and that they appeared to be pursuing a highly personal agenda of payback to an uncaring, rejecting world. Both Mullen and Dietz have described this type of offender as a suspicious grudge holder who is preoccupied with firearms.

Mass killings by such individuals are not new, nor did they begin in the 1960s with Charles Whitman. The news media tend to suggest that the era of mass public killings was ushered in by Whitman atop the tower at the University of Texas at Austin and have become "a part of American life in recent decades." Research indicates that the news media have heavily influenced the public perception of mass murder, particularly the erroneous assertion that its incidence is increasing. Furthermore, it is typically the high-profile cases that represent the most widely publicized, yet least representative mass killings. As an example that such mass murderers have existed long before Whitman, consider a notorious case, the Bath School disaster of 1927, now long forgotten by most. Andrew Kehoe lived in Michigan in the late 1920s. He struggled with serious financial problems, and his wife suffered from tuberculosis. He appeared to focus his unhappiness and resentment on a local town conflict having to do with a property tax being levied on a school building. After becoming utterly overwhelmed with resentment and hatred, Kehoe killed his wife, set his farm ablaze, and killed some 45 individuals by setting off a bomb in the school building. Kehoe himself was killed in the blast, but he left a final communication on a wooden sign outside his property that read: "Criminals are made, not born"Śa statement suggestive of externalization of blame and long-held grievance.

uit: Knoll, The "pseudocommando" mass murderer: part I, the psychology of revenge and obliteration, J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2010;38(1):87-94

Ik ben niet jong genoeg om alles te weten...
-Oscar Wilde-

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