. It took a great deal of human insight (Arendt, 1963) and psychosocial research by social psychologists such as Milgram (1974) and Zimbardo (1972) to understand the "banality of Evil": that for the most part normal people, sometimes even well-educated people (Lifton, 1986), carried out the industrialized killing of the Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses and the mentally ill in Nazi Germany. These findings were especially annoying, as one had now to control the conditions in which genocidal acts sprout and spread. Hence the proposition: People are not usually born with genocidal mentalities. Genocidal mentalities have to be developed and created by the architects of genocide and their societies. Although this proposition is made in the context of the Holocaust,
1one has first to address the architects who plan the process carefully, and usually these are people with sophisticated, although not necessarily formal, psychological understanding.
2Ordinary men are usually part of a social and moral network which helps them maintain their humanity towards others and prevents them from becoming involved in inhuman acts.
3It is an easier task to achieve this insulation and plan genocidal acts when the society at large is in economic, ethnic, cultural or military crisis and ambiguity in regard to its own future (Darley, 1992).
4This manipulation of language is aimed at helping, on the one hand, to create the necessary insulation of potential killers from their social network and to avoid criticism, and on the other, to deceive the target population.
5The reason why society at large does not usually resist or oppose such behavior is associated with the careful planning mentioned above. People are mostly not aware of the planning phases of genocide, that is, the deception and disinformation practiced by the architects, together with the sophistication [..]Perhaps, in addition, there is the general human tendency to keep out of trouble, to "turn a blind eye" especially when living in a regime that manipulates and instigates fear of "the enemy" to account for current crises.
6They had not been trained to carry out genocide, but could participate in such murderous acts willingly, because they had been exposed long enough to the genocidal atmosphere of their society. A society soaked in genocidal acts can become genocidal at large, without the socialization mentioned earlier.
7"Having the preference does not make it valuable--on the contrary, its being valuable is a good reason for prefering it."
8"'sour grapes' problem, after Aesop's fable about the fox who, after repeated failed attempts to reach the grapes overhead, declares that he does not want them anyway since they are probably sour."
"The more difficult it is for people to imagine changing these roles, the more likely they will adapt preferences so as to desire only those things which are consistent with these rules".
"This raises a serious problem for evaluating political institutions in terms of their ability to satisfy people's preferences"
Al met al kan ik nu concluderen dat de maatschappij genoeg zwakke plekken heeft.
Wat is de psychologische tak dat zich bezig houd met de maatschappij doorgronden dmv psychologische kennis?
Ik houd niet van radicaal perse maar wel van kritisch, de dingen die ik boven geciteerd heb zijn inzichten waar ik meer van lust.
En wat voor opleiding zou ik daar voor moeten doen als ik erkend wil worden?
Wat zijn de diepste maatschappij kritische opleidingen momenteel?
Ik wil echt een diepe studie volgen maar ben het spoor bijster :'( . Ik bestudeer minimaal 30 pagina's theorie per dag tot een maximum van zo'n 100 pagina's (hangt echt van de stof af en mijn bui).
Veranderd door jwz, 02 augustus 2007 - 17:27